This is a chinese woman condemned to the torturous death of Ling-chi (凌迟). Ling-Chi is a brutalizing form of torture and execution in which chunks of flesh and skin are cut or sliced off from the culprits’ body until death occurs. It was a systematized form of corporal punishment and execution during bygone Chinese eras, stretching from medieval times until 1905, when it was officially abolished by the government.
This is a Dakhma - known in the English language as a Tower of Silence. Dakhmas are circle-shaped constructions erected as a part of funerary ritualism by adherents of the Zoroastrian faith. According to their belief, the body of a deceased human is considered impure, tainted and contagious. They believe that unclean demonic entities ravage the body after death, spreading their filth and disease through the body, thus making it in unclean and biohazardous. In regards of this idea, they instead offer their dead to vultures and other scavenging birds at the top of Dahkmas - Towers of Silence. The practice is a dying custom and not many legally sanctioned Dakhmas exist today except a few - the one in Mumbai, India, being perhaps the most famous example.